August 23, 2017
ESMOC 2017 is the second conference at international level for creating a forum for interactions on the energy issues. The first ESMOC was held at NIT Durgapur in 2013. Keeping in mind several forums on energy made in recent past by other organizers, this meeting mainly focuses on the modeling, optimization and control issues related to coal, geothermal energy, nuclear energy, petroleum exploration, petroleum refining, petrochemicals, renewable & clean energy, steel & allied industries and thermal energy. It also proposes for the deliberation of both theoretical and experimental works.
Keywords: Boiling; Bubbles; Cavitations; Chemical Reactor, Chaos & Complexity; Coal; Control laws; Condensation; Combustions; Computational techniques; Drops; Energy; Flow control; Fluid dynamics; Flow visualization; Heat transfer; Interfacial instability; Micro and Nano processes; Optimization; Multiphase flow; Measurement techniques; Modeling; Metallurgical Processes; Nuclear Reactors; Optimizations; Petrochemicals; Petroleum; Porous medium; Power; Refineries; Renewables; Scale-up; Simulations; Stability; Steel; Thermal processes; Transport processes.
The theme of the Conference: To be announced
It is planned to hold more than one technical session under each track.
All submissions end: June 19, 2017.
Notification to authors: August 22, 2017
Final submission and early-bird Registration: September 19, 2017
Conference program will be available: November 14, 2017
Conference starts: December 11-13, 2017
The authors may submit their contributions for oral presentation and poster presentation.
· Please write the Track Number, Track Name and Oral/Poster at the top of the first page of the manuscript.
· Manuscript file name: corresponding last name-track number.doc /pdf
For example: if the last name is energy and the track number is 1, the file name is energy01.doc or energy01.pdf
ESMOC 2017 Plenary and Keynote Speakers
Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Bombay, INDIA)
Nuclear industry has been looking for safer modes of heat removal from nuclear core. One of the options considered is employment of Natural Circulation (NC) as a means of heat removal in the primary heat transport system in nuclear reactors. In line with this philosophy, two-phase NC is being considered as a viable option for heat removal in the proposed Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR) being designed in India. However, NC systems are susceptible to instability during operation and could lead to problems related to control systems. Thus, during the entire operation of the reactor, steady flow has to be ensured. There are two related issues that needs to be addressed. One is how to start the system from near ambient conditions to the rated operating conditions, often called the start-up, and the second one is to know the limits of power beyond which the system should not be operated. Both these issues are controlled by flow instabilities that trigger during the operation. The present talk would focus on the experimental results obtained in a scaled model built at the Thermal Hydraulics Test Facility (THTF) at Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB). The scaled model, called,Parallel Channel Natural Circulation Test Facility(PCNCTF) is afour channel, two loop system that is ¼ in length scale and 1/3000 in power scale with two steam drums. In this work, experiments carried outin the loop that has three channels will be reported. The heaters in the loop are electrically heated by a direct current (DC)power supply. The system pressure is anchored by aU-tube shell and tube condenser, while the required inlet subcooling is controlled through a pool boiler built around the vertical downcomer. The results obtained to characterize cold start-up, and TYPE-I& TYPE-II boundaries for Density Wave Oscillations (DWO)over a wide range of pressures upto 35 bar at various subcoolings will be shown. Attempts made to model these phenomena will also be elaborated and details discussed.
Deepak Kunzru (Distinguished Professor, School of Engineering & Applied Science, Ahmedabad University, INDIA)
Title of the talk: Steam reforming of methane on metal monoliths
Steam reforming of methane (SRM), an industrial process for large scale hydrogen production, is conducted in packed bed reactors at high temperatures. Although packed bed reactors are widely used for SRM, these reactors suffer from various shortcomings, such as low catalyst effectiveness factor, catalyst deactivation, heat transfer limitations and high pressure drop. Use of metal monolith reactors addresses most of these limitations. In this study, SRM has been investigated over Rh doped Ni/MgAl2O4 on both a packed bed and a metal monolith reactor. The reactor temperature and pressure were varied in the range of 500-6000C and 1-10 bar, respectively. Addition of Rh significantly affected the physicochemical properties of the catalyst as well as the activity and stability of the catalyst. 0.5wt.%Rh-15wt.%Ni/ MgAl2O4 catalyst prepared by sequential impregnation showed the highest activity and stability. The undoped and Rh doped catalysts were then washcoated on metal monoliths by an optimized washcoating procedure. To improve the adhesion of the washcoated catalyst, binders such as polyvinyl alcohol and colloidal alumina were added to the washcoating slurry. The conversion of methane obtained using the washcoated monolith was significantly higher than that obtained in a packed reactor .This was attributed to the higher effectiveness factor and the higher average catalyst temperature in the monolith reactor.
Gautam Biswas (JC Bose National Fellow and Director, IIT Guwahati, INDIA)
Title of the Talk: Effect of Superheat and Electric Field on Bubble Growth in Film Boiling
The bubble formation sites in film boiling are the nodes of the instability occurring at the liquid-vapor interface. We perform numerical simulations to address the effects of decay and growth of the wave numbers on bubble spacing. In this study a detailed numerical simulation has been performed to understand the transition in bubble release pattern and multimode bubble formation in saturated pool boiling. The interfaces drop down alternatively at the nodes and antinodes of the wavelengths dictated by Rayleigh-Taylor instability and Taylor-Helmholtz instability. The transition in interfacial instability behavior occurs with increase in superheat, the bubble release being periodic both in space and time. Discrete bubble growth occurs at a smaller superheat whereas vapor columns form at the higher superheat values. Application of electric field results in shorter bubble separation distances, faster growth of the instability, and higher bubble release frequency. Increasing the electric-field intensity shows an increase in the space averaged Nusselt number, thus indicating the role of electric field in the enhancement of heat transfer. The change in dynamics of bubble growth due to increasing superheat at a high intensity of electric field is also studied. The effect of increasing intensity of electric field on the heat transfer rate at different superheats is determined. The boiling characteristic is found to be influenced significantly only above a minimum critical intensity of the electric field.
R&D and Scientific Services, TATA Steel, INDIA)
The continuous casting of steel involves the pouring of molten steel at a controlled rate into a water-cooled copper mould and the continuous withdrawal of partially solidified product. The design and operation of a continuous casting mould to consistently produce high quality steel requires careful selection and control of many variables, such as heat transfer, mould oscillation, powder or oil practice, and taper according to the casting speed, steel grade, section size and superheat. One of the most important factors which controls the quality and efficiency of the process is heat transfer and associated thermal characteristics. In the continuous casting process, the heat transfer affects many of the quality and operational problems. The heat flow is complicated because it is controlled primarily by the formation of a gap which separates the mould from the solidified strand, and the location and size of the gap are influenced simultaneously by shrinkage of the shell and ferrostatic pressure exerted by the liquid pool. In addition, due to the non-uniform heating of the mould wall during casting, the resulting temperature distribution gives rise to differential thermal expansion leading to the distortion of the mould. In order to develop a comprehensive understanding of mould thermal response and mould-related quality problem in continuous casting, it is necessary to examine the heat transfer process in the mould and, based on these, to develop mathematical models that are capable of predicting the thermal and mechanical behaviour of the mould as a function of casting variables. In recent years, varieties of numerical models have been developed to simulate heat transfer behaviour between strand and mould, which incorporates several mathematical techniques, various boundary condition formulation, and temperature-dependent thermal properties. In combination with in-plant measurements and operational data, the mathematical models act as a tool for analysis, and provide useful guidance, valuable understanding, and ultimately lead to optimum design of the mould.
Prabir Basu (Professor in Mechanical Engineering Director of Circulating fluidized bed combustion (CFBC) and Biomass Conversion Laboratory in Dalhousie University, CANADA)
Title of the talk - Current Advances in Cleaner Coal Technology
Climate change, though debated much, is now recognized as a real threat to our civilization, but there is much hesitation especially from newly industrialized countries that are heavily dependent of coal fired power. So, to decision makers concerned with global warming ‘Coal’ is a dirty word. Cleaner coal technology can provide our society at least a breather. Circulating fluidized bed combustion, offer less expensive and immediately implementable options for reduction in carbon emission from coal fired power plants. Two such applications of CFBC technology in coal fired plants include oxy-combustion of coal and large-scale co-firing of biomass. This seminar will discuss the climate change debate in Indian context and show how CFBC technology could provide an affordable solution to heavily coal dependent countries like India
S. S. Rao (Professor, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA)
Title of the talk - Renewable Energy Systems Design Using Multiobjective Optimization Techniques
Finding efficient solutions to satisfy the increasing demands of energy is of critical importance for both global economic growth and continuous development. Renewable energy systems such as wind energy, solar energy and fuel cell-based energy systems offer viable solutions to the problem. This work presents the use of multiobjective optimization techniques in the design of optimal renewable energy systems. For the wind energy system, the robust design of horizontal axis wind turbines, including both parameter design and tolerance design, is presented using Taguchi-based approach. A simple way of designing robust horizontal axis wind turbine systems under realistic conditions is outlined with multiple design parameters (variables), multiple objectives, and multiple constraints simultaneously by using the traditional Taguchi method and its extensions. The performance of the turbines is predicted using the axial momentum theory and the blade element momentum theory. In the parameter design stage, the energy output of the turbine is maximized using the Taguchi method and an extended penalty-based Taguchi method is proposed to solve constrained parameter design problems. Using an appropriate set of tolerance settings of the parameters, the tolerance design problem is formulated so as to yield an economical design while ensuring a minimal variability in the performance of the wind turbine. The resulting multi-objective tolerance design problem is solved using the traditional Taguchi method. This approach provides a simple and economical means of achieving the robust optimal design of horizontal axis wind turbines. The multi-objective optimum design of stationary compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) solar collectors is considered. The clear day solar beam radiation and diffuse radiation are estimated at the location of the solar collector. Three objectives are considered in the optimization problem formulation: maximization of the annual average incident solar energy, maximization of the lowest month incident solar energy and minimization of the cost. The game theory methodology is used for the solution of the three objective constrained optimization problem. When compared to a comparable optimum flat plate solar collector, the CPC solar collector could significantly reduce the cost per unit energy. Parametric studies are conducted with respect to changes in land price, standard deviation of the random variables and the probability of constraint satisfaction. The present study is expected to help designers in creating optimized solar collectors based on specified requirements. The uncertainties associated with the solar energy can also be considered in the formulation. The design of fuel cells is considered using multiobjective optimization techniques. A three-dimensional, single-phase, multi-component mathematical model is used for the analysis of a liquid-fed direct methanol fuel cell. The electrochemical kinetics, continuity, momentum and species transport for methanol, water and oxygen are all coupled to solve for different optimization scenarios. The effect of methanol crossover due to diffusion and electro-osmotic drag is incorporated into the model. A finite-volume-based CFD code is used for the analysis and simulation of the performance of the fuel cell. The analysis model is coupled with the genetic algorithm and sequential quadratic programming optimization technique in seeking the global optimum solution of the fuel cell. Three optimization problems are considered. In the first problem, the maximization of the power density of the fuel cell with lower and upper bounds on the design variables is considered. The second problem considers the maximization of the power density with a constraint on the minimum allowable operating voltage as well as lower and upper bounds on the design variables. In the third problem, the minimization of the cost of the fuel cell is considered with constraints on the minimum allowable operating voltage and the minimum permissible power density as well as lower and upper bounds on the design variables. The performance characteristics of the optimum fuel cell, in the form of graphs of polarization (voltage versus current density), power density versus current density, power density versus voltage, methanol crossover versus current density and methanol crossover versus voltage are presented and explained to help designers better understand the significance of the optimization results.The methodologies presented and the results show the feasibility of development of optimal renewable energy systems to satisfy multiple objectives and real-life constraints.
Somnath Nandi (Associate Professor at Savitribai Phule Pune Univesity, INDIA)
Title of the talk: Prediction of Permeability Reduction due to Scale Formation
Swapan Paruya (NIT Durgapur, INDIA)
Title of the talk: Some experiences of developing real-time simulation models for operator training in large-scale energy industries
A. K. Nayak (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, INDIA)
Title of Talk: N-Power in Present Energy Scenario
The abstracts of the work to be presented in ESMOC 2017 will be published in the printed volume of abstract. A CD-ROM of the full papers will be brought out as well. See here for the guidelines for manuscript preparation.
Some selected papers from ESMOC 2017 will appear in the special issues of reputed journals.
City of Durgapur
The Steel City of Durgapur, West Bengal, India is growing very fast to "become one of the mega cities of eastern India". With a strong base on Durgapur Steel Plant and Alloy Steel Plant, many large and small industries have come up in the industrial hub of Durgapur-DPL, DTPS, NTPC, DVC, Durgapur Cements, DCL, Graphite India Ltd, PCBL, Ultratech Cement Ltd., ALSTOM Projects India Ltd, and many more. Durgapur has many good centers for education, training and research - National Institute of Technology (NIT), CMERI, National Power Training Institute (NPTI ), BCET, DIATM, Dr. B.C. Roy Engineering College, Durgapur Government College, Durgapur Women’s College, Micheal Madhusudan Memorial College, DAV Model School, Hem Sheela Model School, St. Xaviers School, Carmel School, etc. Many more have newly developed and are coming up. The healthcare facilities in Durgapur are also rapidly growing and include Govt. Hospitals, The Mission Hospital, DSP Main Hospital, Vivekananda Hospital, ESI Hospital, Disha Eye Care, etc. Rich with cultural activities, Durgapur provides good and entertaining local hospitalities for the residents and the visitors. Click here for more information
National Institute of Technology, Durgapur (formerly Regional Engineering College, Durgapur), was established by an Act of Parliament in 1960 is a fully-funded premier Technological Institution under the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India and is administered by an autonomous Board of Governors. The Institute awards B. Tech., MCA, M. Sc., MBA., M.Tech. and Ph.D. degrees to the students. The Institute imparts education in the disciplines of Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Information Technology, Biotechnology, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Environmental science, Materials Science and Management Studies. As decided by MHRD, Government of India, the procedure for selection of candidates for admission to the B. Tech./ M. Tech. in NIT Durgapur and in other NITs is on the basis of State Rank/ All India Rank (AIR) of AIEEE conducted by CBSE, New Delhi, and the same is executed through counseling by Central Counseling Board, AIEEE under guidance from MHRD, GOI as per schedule notified by CCB. In addition to the normal intake, a few seats are reserved for Foreign Students who are nominated by the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India, and the Indian Council for Cultural Relations, Government of India.
The participants are requested to book their accommodation. Pickup-and-drop arrangement will be made for the participants to be staying outside the NIT Durgapur campus. The accommodations in the following guest house or hotels (all of them are within about 20-min walk to the NIT Durgapur campus) are available at a reasonable price:
NIT Durgapur guest house
NIT Durgapur; Mahatma Gandhi Avenue, Durgapur-713209.
City Centre, Durgapur, West Bengal-71321
Pathik Motel (WBTDC)
Gandhi More, City Centre, Durgapur -713216
Phone: 3432542768/ 6399
The Hotel Annexe, Durgapur
Priyadarshini Indira Sarani, A-Zone, Durgapur-713204
Phone: +91-343-6060011 / 6060022; http://hoteldurgapurannexe.com
The Citi Residenci
City Centre, Durgapur - 713216
Phone: +91-343-2549053, Mob: +91-9434755919, +91-7797661111
The Peerless Sarovar Portico, Durgapur
Centre, Durgapur-713216, West Bengal, India
Durgapur is linked with major cities worldwide by flights at Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, Kolkata. It is a about three-hour journey from Kolkata by bus, taxi and train to reach the city of Durgapur. The Institute is located about 160 Km north-west of Kolkata on the Howrah-Delhi Main Railway-Route and overlooking the National Highway No. 2(the great Grand- Trunk Road).
Taxies are available for 24 hours at Durgapur station and City Centre.
· The fees include conference proceedings, working lunch, tea and the conference dinner.
Payment for registration
sponsorship should be in the form of:
R. E. College (Durgapur).
Please write your name
on the overleaf of your bank draft.
Bank Name: State Bank of India
Branch Name: R. E. College (Durgapur)
Branch Code: 2108
Bank Account No.: 33014304523
SWIFT Code: SBININBB337
Please retain the bank receipt to obtain the payment receipt from the organizer.
Director, National Institute of Technology (NIT) Durgapur, INDIA
Bikash Sinha, DAE-Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, INDIA
K. S. Gandhi, Indian Institute of Science, INDIA
Bhaskar Kulkarni, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, INDIA
P. Ray, University of Calcutta, INDIA
Ali Elkamel, University of Waterloo, CANADA
Gautam Biswas, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, INDIA
Sanjay Chandra, Tata Steel Ltd. (Research & Development), INDIA
Swapan Paruya, NIT Durgapur, INDIA
International Program Advisory Committee
AB Pandit, Institute of Chemical Technology Mumbai, INDIA
AKM Sadrul Islam, Islamic University of Technology, BANGLADESH
Afshin J. Ghajar, Oklahoma State University, USA
Babatunde A. Ogunnaike, University of Delaware, USA
Chin Pan, National Tsing Hua University, TAIWAN
Deepak Kunzru, Ahmedabad University, INDIA
Guy Marin, University of Ghent, BELGIUM
Haecheon Choi, Seoul National University, SOUTH KOREA
Iftekhar A. Karimi, National University of Singapore, SINGAPORE
Kai Sundmacher, Max-Planck-Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, GERMANY
Kannan N. Iyer, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, INDIA
Krishnaswamy Nandakumar, Louisiana State University, USA
M. O. Garg, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), INDIA
Nam Dinh, North Carolina State University, USA
Prabir Basu, Dalhousi University, CANADA
R. P. Chhabra, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, INDIA
Ranga Narayanan, University of Florida, USA
Rajiv Tayal, Indo-US Science and Technology Forum, INDIA
Ranjit K. Saha, INDIA
Sadik Kakac, Middle East Technical University, TURKEY
Sachin Patwardhan, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, INDIA
Santosh K. Gupta, University of Petroleum & Energy Study, INDIA
Singiresu S. Rao, University of Miami, USA
Sigurd Skogestad, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), NORWAY
Subramaniam Pushpavanam, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, INDIA
Suddhasatwa Basu, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, INDIA
Stephen Zitney, U.S. Department of Energy (NETL), USA
Vijnay Kariwala, ABB Ltd., INDIA
Vijay K. Dhir, University of California Los Angeles, USA
Yassin A. Hassan, Texas A&M University, USA
Head-Chemical Engineering, NIT Durgapur, India, Ex-officio
Arun Nayak, DAE-Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, India
Asit Das, Reliance Industries Ltd. (Refining-R&D), India
C. M. Narayanan, India
Chandan Guha, Jadavpur University, India
Debasis Chakraborty, DRDO-Defense Research & Development Laboratory, India
Dipa Biswas, University of Calcutta, India
Gopinath Halder, NIT Durgapur, India
J. B. V. Reddy, Department of Science & Technology, India
Mohammed Kamil, Aligarh Muslim University, India
Mrinal K. Madal, NIT Durgapur-CHE, India
Pinaki Pal, NIT Durgapur, India
Suvankar Ganguly, Tata Steel Ltd. (R&D), India
Sujit Karmakar, NIT Durgapur, India
Tamal Mandal, NIT Durgapur, India
T. K. Radhakrishnan, NIT Trichy, India
Swapan Paruya, NIT Durgapur, India, Convener
Student Organizing Committee
PhD/M.Tech. /B. Tech Students, Chemical Engineering, NIT Durgapur
Program Chair, ESMOC 2017
of Chemical Engineering
Durgapur, West Bengal - 713209, India
Tel: (+91) 343-2754086