One week Short Term Program
Industrial Waste Management and Recovery of Value-added Products
June 30 - July 4, 2014
Industrial Waste Pollution has become an increasingly serious problem in the world. Every year, large quantities of industrial wastes are generated from the growing industries. However, there are no adequate treatment facilities and qualifying personnel available. This has fatally harmed the human health and the environment. It is noteworthy that if this waste is treated properly then several useful products can be obtained. Hence, the development of promising technology for industrial waste treatment and recovery of value-added products has become the need of the hour.
It is estimated that more than 15 million tons of waste are released to the environment each year but only 200.000 tons are collected, transported and treated well. About 70% of 1 million m3 sewage waste per day from industrial zones is directly disposed without treatment. 57% of industrial zones lack waste processing systems. Solid and gaseous waste causes air pollution. Using fossil fuels such as gas, coal and oil to create electricity for power industries and manufacturing operations produces toxic chemicals that are generated to the air through chimneys and exhaust pipes. These chemicals increase the risks of cancer and lower respiratory tract infections. Worse still, they can cause ozone depletion and global warming. Water is contaminated from pollutants entering the water sources from oil refineries, wineries and dairy farms without treatment which makes water sources unfit for human use. Waste products like, oil from storage tanks, lead from paints and fuel spills also causes soil pollution.
Many industrial wastes have the potential to be recycled and used again as material for new products. One commonly recycled metal is aluminium. It is generally less costly to produce aluminium from scrap metal and discarded products than to produce it from natural ores. In addition to reducing costs of production, the recycling of wastes can help preserve natural resources. For some manufacturing processes, commercially valuable uses have been found for products that would otherwise be treated as wastes. These products are often referred to as by-products like, gasoline produced during the refining of petroleum; glycerine from soap industry. The huge amount of grape seed produced as waste from the wine industries can serve to produce the high value grape seed oil which has both pharmaceutical and cosmetic values.
Techniques to manage industrial waste have been the matter of worldwide attention and significant research over few decades. Thus the short term program aims to bring together experts to share their successes and learners to have their lessons towards application of advanced technologies in the cleanup of the environment and also the young researchers and faculty members from academic institutions and industries, to expose themselves to the different advanced techniques for application in the treatment of the industrial wastes.